Water damage has cause a lot of havoc and losses to individuals and businesses. These damages goes beyond loss of properties and other valuables or irreparable damages caused to objects such as furniture, electrical or electronic appliances. The loss of valuables could lead to emotional disturbance to a person or psychological imbalance. However, in order to avoid or mitigate the effects of water damage, one needs to be acquainted with the way water damage occur and the levels of potential risk they pose to both lives and properties.

The Different Categories of Water Damage

Water damage repair or water removal can only be best done when an assessment is being done on the severity and extent of damages caused by the occurrence of the water damage. Water damage occur in different categories. These categories are grouped in order of their effect, from the less harmful and potential damage to that of a higher effect.

  • Category one: The first category involves “clean water”. The term clean water here is operational. Clean water here means water that has little or no negative impact. Damages of this category which does not pose a threat to loss of valuables are often caused by broken objects containing liquid or an overflowing sink either in the kitchen or bathroom.
  • Category two: The kind of damage under this category involves what is called “gray water”. This kind of damage is health related. Gray water refers to contaminated water which can cause or lead to certain health related problems like ingestion, etc. causes of gray water often include Broken toilets, broken sump pumps, and seepage.
  • Category three: The third category involves a kind of water damage known as “black water”. Just like the second category, the third category is also health related but on a higher risk level. The kind of water damage under this category is highly unsanitary. Black water contains bacteria and other debilitating organisms that induce sickness and diseases. . Black water is mainly caused by sewage problems, either a leak or poorly managed sewage. Also, stagnant waters among others.

Aside the categories of water damage, we also have the classes of water damage. It is also important to put into consideration the class of water damage when assessing water damage repair options.

  • Class 1: This class of damage poses the least harmful threat. Materials only absorb a little of water under this class or level. Water damage repair is done easily in this class.
  • Class 2: This class of water damage has a fast rate of evaporation and spreads very fast allowing materials such as home furniture (rugs, carpets, cushions, etc.) get damage very quickly. Repair gets quite hard once the water damage is at this stage.
  • Class 3: Evaporation is faster in this class than the class two. Water damage of this nature is often caused by factors such as broken sprinklers. Overhead sources could also cause water damages of this class. This class of water damage often leads to things like soaking of the walls and furniture.
  • Class 4: These level or class of water damage requires some special water removal procedure.  Damage of this class often affect hardwood floors, plaster, and concrete.
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